The EU Research Framework Programmes (FP) are the main instrument used by the European Union to implement its common science and technology policy. FPs date back to the 1950s.
The eighth programme generation "Horizon 2020" began in 2014. Over the years, FP budgets have continually increased while their thematic priorities have changed in response to the EU's political needs. Below is an overview of the development of the FP from their origins to today.