Financial overview of Swiss transitional measures for Horizon Europe
The Federal Council has earmarked funds for transitional measures that provide targeted and efficient funding to mitigate the consequences of Switzerland's current status as a non-associated third country in the Horizon package 2021–2027. The measures support calls for proposals from 2021 and 2022. This mandatory contribution that Switzerland would have paid if it were associated to the EU amounts to more than CHF 1.2 billion for the years 2021 and 2022. This allows the budget that Parliament had approved for use as an associated country to be used for transitional measures. Consequentially, no committed funds are lost.
The annual payment budgets of the Confederation (SERI) will undergo shifts as a result. These are explained in detail below, in the section 'Use of funds'.
Under 'Current use of funds', a monthly updated graphic provides complete and transparent information on the funds used to implement the transitional measures.
Use of funds
In a January 2020 federal decree, the Federal Council and Parliament approved CHF 5,422.6 million in mandatory contributions to participate in Horizon Europe, the Euratom programme, ITER and the Digital Europe programme (not including related measures and reserves). If Switzerland were associated to the Horizon programme, the Confederation would transfer yearly the mandatory contributions to the EU in order to fund the calls for proposals that take place each year. The EU would pay out of this amount the contributions to researchers and innovators according to the progress of the project (point A in the graphic).
In the current funding situation, transitional measures introduced in 2021 and 2022 take the place of mandatory contributions to the EU. They consist of two components (see point B in the graphic):
- Transitional measures for accessible programme parts: For projects of the accessible programme parts, SERI funds the projects of researchers and innovators in Switzerland as part of the direct funding scheme according to the progress of their projects. Researchers and innovators thereby receive their grants within the same time as if Switzerland were associated to the programme. Consequently, there is no disadvantage for them with respect to the amount of funding or the timing of payments. If Switzerland were to become associated at a later point, this will not affect the funds allocated to the transitional measures, as these will be financed by SERI for the entire duration of the project.
- Transitional measures for non-accessible programme parts: SERI funds transitional measures for non-accessible programme parts. The realisation of these measures has been to a large extent commissioned to institutions other than SERI (such as for example the SNSF, Innosuisse or ESA).
This ensures that the funding Parliament approved for the mandatory contribution (point A. in the graphic) is not lost. Rather, it will be used for transitional measures or for later contributions to the EU (points B. and C. in the graphic).
Current use of funds
The data is updated monthly (last update on 30.09.2022).
The following graphic provides an overview of the current status of funds allocated to transitional measures for directly funded projects and non-accessible programme parts (committed funds); these funds are compared to the funds allocated by the Federal Council for different measures (available funds).
In the case of direct funding (accessible programme parts), it should be noted that SERI receives applications with a certain delay, as several months can pass between the result of the project evaluation and the conclusion of a funding agreement between the project partners and the European Commission. SERI is receiving numerous applications for funding (currently 429 applications submitted). Once approved, these applications are represented in the graphic below. Currently the graphic includes 194 projects (as of 30 September 2022).
In the case of the further measures (non-accessible programme parts), reporting takes place periodically, which is why the corresponding data is not yet available for all instruments, even though the measures themselves have already been launched. This concerns the transitional measures for which SERI has commissioned the SNSF, Innosuisse, ESA and other actors.
Further information on the specific instruments can be found on the Transitional Measures page and for certain projects on the Results page.